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The Prophet said:O Ali! You hold in relation to me the same position as Haroon held in relation to Moses, except that there shall be no prophet after me.


The Reasons of the Revolution

Imam Hussein (A.S.) did not possess the necessary force that would enable him to win; he did not even rely on those who wrote to him from Kaufa. For he declared his revolution before he received their letters and delegates.

Al-Hijaz too did not give him enough support to be able to stand against the Ummayads. Therefore he decided to leave to Iraq for the sole reason of preventing any blood shedding in the Holy City of Mekkah.

Moreover, he knew that he was destined to die, yet he went on.

Why then did he insist; and why did he declare his revolution?

To answer this question, one should be aware of the following facts:

First: Yazied represented a real danger to the Islamic nation, for he was not a true Muslim. He was not properly educated with the teachings of Islam. And he used to drink alcohol, gamble, and commit all other sins according to historic sources. He said: Banu Hashim staged a play to obtain the Kingdom. Actually, there was neither any news (from Allah) nor any revelation. Such a man could not be entrusted with the affairs of the nation.

Nevertheless, the faithful forces, with Imam Hussein (A.S.) as their leader, had benefited a lot from these points of weakness in the personality of such an evil ruler.

In these circumstances it might not be strange to see many Muslim dignitaries trying to convince Imam Hussein (A.S.) to avoid the confrontation with Yazid, although they bore witness to the corruption of the Ummayads, and they also realized that it was the Imam's duty and right to face it... He was thus approached by Abdallah bin Umar bin Khattab and Abdallah bin Al-Zubair, as well as some of his family members.

These are some of the manifestations of the absence of the militant spirit among most Muslim leaders.

As for the common people, this negative spirit spread among them to a terrifying extent. The people of kaufa, for example, broke all their pledges promises and oaths, once they were subjected to the wave of terror led by Ibn Ziyad, as well as seducing them with promises of wealth and power.

These factors were among the main reasons that led to the announcement of the revolution. The Imam wanted to shake the dead consciences because he knew that there was no reason what speeches and talks to galvanize and mobilize the people and solidify their morals.

Second: The general level of the nation as a whole was below the required to stand up to the current of sweeping deviation. A tendency to treasure the pleasures of this world began to be visible in all sections of the nation, as a substitute to the spirit of sacrifice for the cause of Allah. And this enabled the opportunistic current to win and hold the positions of ruling and guidance.

Third: It was necessary that the nation should learn about the true Islamic conception of the Imamate; it's true role and its dimensions. The dangerous effects of undermining the Islamic conceptions which was played by the Ummayad rule was never emerging from the grassroot level, but rather from the high levels of leadership that monopolized all means of guidance.

Therefore, in accordance with the demands of the Islamic message, and the qualities that have to be available in a Muslim ruler, Imam Hussein (A.S.) had to explain these issues to the Muslim masses in every speech he made or any other opportunity he had:

"O people you have to be pious believers, and know the right. That is better for you. We the members of the family of Muhammad (Ahl ul-Bait) are more entitled to be the rulers than those who claim what is not rightfully theirs; those oppressors and tyrants".

With such roaring words the Imam Hussein(A.S.) revealed that the Ummayads who have deviated from the right Islamic path are not fit to be rulers, and explained to the nation the foundations of the course an Islamic traits that are embodied in the embodied in the Imam himself that qualify him to be Imam of the nation.

Thus, underlining the Islamic conception of the Imamate and revealing the falsehood of the Ummayad claims were among the fundamental reasons that made the Imam declare his revolution.

Fourth: The Islamic message offers no justification for the Muslim to relief him from performing his duties as a man who has obligations towards the message he believes in. Man in the Islamic society is not an independent individual but rather a person who is integrated in his society and who should perform his duties towards the Islamic message.

But to fulfil his commitments towards Allah's Shariah in enjoining the good and forbidding the evil meant that he had to follow the path of the revolution, because it was the only way that provided any hope for reform in his grandfather's (S.A.W) nation.

These are the main reasons that gave Imam Hussein (A.S.) and his companions the right to declare the victorious revolution, that immortalized Islam and inspired the coming generations to defend it and to hold fast in the Holy Wars of Jihad.


From Imam Husayn (as)

A man once came to him asking for advice since he could not stop committing sin. The Imam (as) asked him to do any of the following five things and then he could sin as he wished:


1. Do not eat from the sustenance of Allah, and then sin as you like.


2. Go out of the kingdom of Allah, and then sin as you like.


3. Find a place where Allah does not see you and then sin as you like.


4. When the Angel of Death approaches you to take you soul, stop him from doing so.


5. When you are dragged into the hell fire at the command of Allah, refuse to enter.

HE DAY OF ASHURA (Martyrdom)

At dawn the Imam glanced over the army of Yazid and saw 'Umar ibn Sa'd ordering his forces to march toward him. He gathered his followers and addressed them thus" Allah has, this day, permitted us to be engaged in a Holy War and He shall reward us for our martyrdom.

So prepare yourself to fight against the enemies of Islam with patience and resistance. O sons of the noble and self-respected persons, be patient! Death is nothing but bridge which you must cross after facing trials and tribulations so as to reach Heavens and its joys.


Which of you do not like to go from this prison (world) to the lofty palaces (Paradise)?"


Having heard the Imam's address, all his companions were overwhelmed and cried out, O our Master! We are all ready to defend you and your Ahlu'l-bayt, and to sacrifice our lives for the cause of Islam". Ibid. p. 99

Imam Husayn (A.S.) sent out from his camp one after another to fight and sacrifice their lives in the way of the Lord. Lastly, when all his men and children had laid down their lives, Imam Husayn (A.S.) brought his six month old baby son Ali al' Asghar, and offering him on his own hands, demanded some water for the baby, dying of thirst. The thirst of the baby was quenched by a deadly poisoned arrow from the brute forces, which pinned the baby's neck to arm of the helpless father. At last when the six month old baby was also killed, Imam Husayn addressed Allah : "O Lord! Thy Husayn has offered in Thy way whatever Thou hath blessed him with.

Bless Thy Husayn, O Lord ! with the acceptance of this sacrifice. Everything Husayn could do till now was through Thy help and by Thy Grace", Lastly, Imam Hussain (A.S.) came into the field and was killed, the details of which merciless are heart rending. The forces of Yazid having killed Imam Husayn (A.S.), cut and severed his head from his body and raised it on lance.


The severed head of the Holy Imam began glorifying Allah from the point of lance saying, Allahu Akbar'. All glory to Allah Who is the Greatest !" Ibid p. 100.




Name of the Martyr

Father’s Name

Mother’s Name


Al Abbas

Ali bin Abu Talib (A.S.)

Umm Al Baneen


Abd Allah

Ali bin Abu Talib (A.S.)

Umm Al Baneen



Ali bin Abu Talib (A.S.)

Umm Al Baneen



Ali bin Abu Talib (A.S.)

Umm Al Baneen


Abd Allah

Ali bin Abu Talib (A.S.)

Layla D/o Masud Al Thaqafi


Abu Bakr

Ali bin Abu Talib (A.S.)

Layla D/o Masud Al Thaqafi


Ali Akbar

Husayn bin Ali (A.S.)



Abd Allah

Husayn bin Ali (A.S.)


Al Qasim

Hasan bin Ali (A.S.)

Umm Walad


Abu Bakr

Hasan bin Ali (A.S.)

Not Available


Abd Allah

Hasan bin Ali (A.S.)

Umm Walad



Abd Allah bin Jafar bin Abu Talib



Abd Allah bin Jafar bin Abu Talib


Abd Allah

Aqil bin Abu Talib



Aqil bin Abu Talib


Abd Ar Rahman

Aqil bin Abu Talib



Abu Sa’id bin Aqil bin Abu Talib


Ghadir day

First Evidence

It is related to punishing whoever denying ‘Ali’s guardianship, after the prevalence of the news of Ghadir Khumm, and designation of al-’Imām ‘Ali as a caliph over the Muslims, with the Messenger’s telling the people: The attendant should inform the absent.

When this news reached al-Hārith ibn al-Nu‘mān al-Fahri, it displeased him. [1] So he rushed toward the Messenger of Allah, made his camel kneel down before the Mosque door, and entered upon the Prophet (S). After saluting him, he said: O Muهammad! You ordered us to witness that no god is there but Allah and you are the Messenger of Allah, and we accepted this from you. You also commanded us to perform five prayers day and night, fast the Month of Ramadān, perform pilgrimage to Allah’s House, and pay the alms-due out of our money and properties and so we did. But you were not satisfied with all this, till you one day surprised us with raising the hand of your cousin; preferring him over other people, and said: "Of whomever I am a master, ‘Ali also is his master." Is this from you or ordained by Allah?

The Messenger of Allah (S), whose eyes turned red, replied: By Allah, Who no god is there but He. It is ordained by Allah, and not from me (repeating it three times)

On standing up, al-Hārith said: "O Allah, if what is uttered by Muهammad being true, send against us stones from the sky or bring us a painful doom."

Then he (S) said: By Allah, before reaching his camel, Allah pelted him with a stone from the heaven, which fell upon the top of his head and went out from his posterior, causing his death. Thereat these verses were revealed by Allah the Almighty: "Demanded, a demander, the chastisement inevitable. For, the disbelievers against it, there is no repeller." (70:1-2)

This episode is reported by a large number of Ahl al-Sunnah ‘ulamā’, other than those we referred to. [2] Whoever desires to go through more references, can refer to the book al-Ghadir of al-‘Allāmah al-’Amini.


The Property of Fadak

The Holy Prophet during his lifetime gave Hadrat Fatimah a gift of very extensive from land , known as Fadak , which was documented in her name as her absolute property. The death of the Holy Prophet affected her very much and she was very sad and grief - stricken and wept her heart out crying all the time . she was confronted, after the demise of her father, with the deprivement of the rightful claim of leadership of her husband Imam ` Ali , and the usurpation of her inheritance, the Fadak. Throughout her life, she never spoke to those who had oppressed her and deprived her of her rightful claims. She requested that her oppressors should be kept away even from attending her funeral. Her ill - wishers even resorted to physical violence. Once the door of her house was pushed on her , and the child she was carrying was hurt and the baby - boy was still born. Her house was set on fire. Having been molested and strichen with grief, which crossed all limits of forbearance and endurance , she expressed her sorrows in and elegy composed by herself to mourn her father the Holy Prophet. A couplet of the elegy, with particular reference to her woeful plight, she expressed thus: O my father ! after your death I was subjected to such tortures and tyranny that if they had been inflicted on the `Day' , it would have turned into ` Night'.

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Holy Qur'an

Imam Ali (a.s) in the Sayings of the Holy Prophet (s.a.)
The Prophet of Allah (saw) said, indicating Ali. This is my brother, my trustee and my deputy [caliph] after me, so listen to him and obey him."

The Prophet said:
Ali is the master of all those of whom I am master. O Allah! Love him who loves him and hate him who hates him, help him who helps him, forsake him who forsakes him, and turn justice with him wherever he turns.

The Prophet said:
"I am the city of Knowledge and Ali is its gate."

The Prophet said :
Ali is from me and I am from Ali and no one can discharge my duty except myself or Ali.


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